Cannabinoids. Terpenes. CO2 extraction. If you’re someone who’s interested in learning more about CBD, you may be overwhelmed with all the unfamiliar terms being thrown around in online articles and on product labels. Luckily, we’ve got you covered! We’ve put together a glossary of essential CBD terms that will help you better understand the wealth of information provided about this very interesting topic. The next time you find an interesting article about CBD, you won’t have to open twelve other new tabs just to look up these terms:
CBD is one of many different types of cannabinoids that are naturally produced by cannabis plants, most abundantly in hemp (Cannabis sativa). It does not produce a high like its cousin, THC.
THC is a psychoactive cannabinoid that is most widely known for its ability to produce a high in users. There is ample THC in marijuana (Cannabis indica), the effects of which is what makes this strain of cannabis so well known and widely used.
Cannabis refers to a family of plants, the two most well-known being Cannabis sativa (industrial hemp) and Cannabis indica (marijuana). There are multiple strains of the cannabis plant, each with their own assortment of active compounds like cannabinoids, terpenes, and amino acids.
CANNABIS INDICA / MARIJUANA
One of the most widely recognized types of cannabis plants, Cannabis indica (marijuana) is best known for its psychoactive properties that give users a euphoric high. This is caused by one of the active compounds in the plant, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).
CANNABIS SATIVA / INDUSTRIAL HEMP
Like its cousin, Cannabis sativa (industrial hemp) is a popular strain of the cannabis plant that is commonly found in health and beauty products. Both CBD oil and hempseed oil come from industrial hemp, but are extracted from different parts of the plant. Unlike marijuana, industrial hemp has low levels of THC and an abundance of CBD, amongst other cannabinoids.
The most advanced and ideal method of extracting cannabidiol from the cannabis plant, and produces the best-quality CBD oil. CO2 extraction involves costly equipment and a complex process, but the resulting product is superior in quality, potency, and purity.
One of the most common forms of CBD oil. Unlike its counterparts, full-spectrum CBD retains its full range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other nutrients (vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, and amino acids) to provide a wide array of therapeutic benefits. It also contains trace amounts of THC (less than 0.3% in regulated products), as it is naturally occurring in the hemp plant from which CBD oil is extracted.
This form of CBD oil encompasses all the goodies and benefits of full-spectrum CBD, but without the trace amounts of THC.
Cannabidiol is split (essentially, isolated) from the rest of the cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds, producing a 99% pure CBD. Due to its purity, CBD isolate is ideal for those who are sensitive to other cannabinoids. It commonly comes in powder or crystalline form, and can be mixed into foods to be ingested or creams to be applied topically, administered sublingually (i.e., under the tongue), or inhaled via a vaping device.
This is typically used to describe the collective therapeutic benefits of all the cannabinoids, terpenes, and other active compounds working together. It is often used to describe the advantage of full-spectrum CBD over CBD isolate.
Terpenes are the organic compounds that are found naturally in many plants. Each plant has its own distinct terpene profile, which gives it its specific aroma and flavors. In cannabis plants, terpenes also contribute to each strain’s therapeutic effects.
Cannabinoids are a variety of chemical compounds that are naturally found in cannabis plants. The most widely known cannabinoids are THC and CBD, but scientists have been able to isolate over 100 different types of cannabinoids in cannabis plants.
Endocannabinoids are chemical compounds that are naturally produced by the human body. They bind to and activate the same brain receptors as cannabinoids.
ENDOCANNABINOID SYSTEM (ECS)
A part of the our bodies’ biological system that helps regulate sleep, mood, memory, appetite, and other critical functions. The three key components of our endocannabinoid system are cannabinoid receptors, endocannabinoids, and metabolic enzymes.
Two of the best-known cannabinoid receptors are CB1 and CB2. The brain is abundant with CB1 receptors, which interact with THC – a cannabinoid that is plentiful in marijuana and is responsible for producing a high. CB2 is more prevalent outside of the nervous system (such as the immune system), but is dispersed throughout the body like CB1.
One of the most common types of CBD products on the market. CBD tinctures are a potent liquid that is typically produced by steeping hemp flowers in a high-proof grain alcohol and then heated for a period of time. They can be ingested through sublingual (i.e., under the tongue) application or by mixing it with foods or beverages. CBD tinctures come in varying concentrations, as different individuals may desire different levels of potency.
Edibles are foods and treats that are infused with CBD or THC. A popular type of edible is CBD gummies, which are commonly taken regularly for its calming effects.